A paper that will pass the hurdles of editorial scrutiny and peer review will be good on several counts as we will demonstrate with our article publication example. No less, a good paper must use the right language for the publication in question. This language should adhere to the rules of grammar and have good flow that can immerse even a reader outside academia. BricsJournal.com can help you refine your paper to meet these standards through our host of journal services. We have a team of active researchers who do write journals, rewrite, edit and translate them to increase the chances of our clients getting published in the most reputable journals.
Besides this, another defining trait of a journal that has been well done is adherence to good structure. As you know, a journal article typically has six sections meant to communicate particular information. These are the title, abstract, introduction, literature review, methodology and result plus references. We will use two published journal articles to demonstrate what your complete next work should look like. These journal articles are:
- The Relation between International Tourism and Economic Growth by Shakouri B*, Yazdi SK, Nategian N and Shikhrezaei N in the Journal of Tourism and Hospitality in 2017
- Trade and Economic Growth in Developing Countries: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa by Zahonogo Pam in the Journal of African Trade in 2016
The first in our take on the article publication example is the title section. This section is important but it should be very straightforward. It is meant to communicate immediately the content of your journal article. For example, The Relation between International Tourism and Economic Growth immediately reveals that the study touches on how international tourism influences economic growth.
Note that this particular author chose to keep the title very brief, and rightly so. It may be included in the publisher’s guideline but if not you should always remember that the title should not exceed 12 words – perhaps an allowance of 15 words. And definitely it should not be reserved on its own page but its best it be on page one of your journal article.
The purpose of your abstract section is to both summarize the contents of your paper and entice the reader to dig further. This is a complex undertaking even for the best marketers. So, how should you go about it? Check out the extract below:
This study investigates how trade openness affects economic growth in developing countries, with a focus on sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We use a dynamic growth model with data from 42 SSA countries covering 1980 to 2012. We employ the Pooled Mean Group estimation technique, which is appropriate for drawing conclusions from dynamic heterogeneous panels by considering long-run equilibrium relations. The empirical evidence indicates that a trade threshold exists below which greater trade openness has beneficial effects on economic growth and above which the trade effect on growth declines. The evidence also indicates an inverted U-curve (Laffer Curve of Trade) response, robust to changes in trade openness measures and to alternative model specifications, suggesting the non-fragility of the linkage between economic growth and trade openness for subSaharan countries. Our findings are promising and support the view that the relation between trade openness and economic growth is not linear for SSA. Accordingly, SSA countries must have more effective trade openness, particularly by productively controlling import levels, in order to boost their economic growth through international trade
The first sentence straightaway tells what the research aims to find out. It then moves on to explain how this agenda of trade openness and economic growth will be figured out without going into the details. This is reserved for another section. What you should move to after are a summarized form of your findings and recommendations. This abstract extract entices one to go on with the study to read about evidence guiding the conclusion.
The Introduction section contextualizes your study. You have to figure out whether the correct context is geography, time or demography. And this is best done in an inverted pyramid format. What this means is that you have to develop the context from the broadest angle and build right to what your paper specifically touches on. Please see how broad the first statement article publication example is:
Trade liberalization has become widespread over the past three decades, particularly among developing and transition economies, as a result of the perceived limitation of import substitution based development strategies and the influence of international financial institutions, such as the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, which have often made their support conditional on trade liberalization.
A good practice this author remains disciplined to is limiting citation to primary research only. This simplifies the criteria of justifying the approach of the study, which is something you must do.
The literature review is often the longest section of an academic paper. Therefore, you will excuse us for not pasting an entire extract of this section from either of our article publication examples. Generally, what you are expected to do right is critically evaluate the body of knowledge in and around your topic of study. Do not just detail a chronological narrative of research but go the mile and pick sides for every research you opt to review and include in your paper.
Methodology and Results
You are not required to make interpretations in either of these sections. The objective is to explain to the reader in a logical manner what it is that you are to study, the sampling or experimenting methods that you opted for, data collection and analysis mechanism. You must then close by stating what facts are drawn from your exertion. See example below for data collection method:
This study uses annual data covering 1980 to 2012 taken from 42 sub-Saharan African countries. The choice of the period of study is related to the availability of data on interest variables such as trade and economic growth. The dependent variable is economic growth, measured as the log difference of the gross domestic product per capita (GDP). We also include a set of control variables that are commonly used in growth equations.
The results are usually simplified in tables or other forms of illustrations to make things convenient for reviewers and readers.
Unfortunately, this is another section that many researchers fail at and end up getting rejection letters from journal editors. What common mistakes are made in this section? A lot of researchers fall for the temptation of making flawed arguments to force the conclusion they have set their mind to. They do not allow arguments in the paper to develop, almost naturally, into the real conclusion.
Another mistake made is basically fence-sitting when it comes to closing the paper. You should know that picking sides is a good thing. A researcher only truly has this space to air their voice so it is best not to be conservative rather demonstrate conviction about the outcome of your research. This is expressed through the correct language.